Cerulogy is the consultancy of Dr. Chris Malins. Experts in alternative and cleaner fuels policy, sustainability and regulation in North America, Europe and for aviation.
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Sustainability and LCA

The lifecycle environmental impact of alternative fuels

Low carbon fuels

Policy frameworks for alternative fuels that work

Aviation

A more sustainable future for aviation?

Oil

Understanding the carbon footprint of fossil fuels

Latest content

Cerulogy comes from the Latin 'ceruleus', the colour blue, which is derived from 'caelum' meaning sky, suffixed with -logy, from the Greek for a science. Blue sky thinking.

California’s Clean Fuel Future

The California Air Resources Board is in the process of stakeholder engagement before setting compliance targets to 2030 for the Low Carbon Fuel Standard, and Cerulogy was asked by the NextGen Foundation, Ceres and the Union of Concerned Scientists to provide fuel supply modelling to inform the decision. The study shows that with moderate assumptions […]

09 Apr 18 Chris Malins

Driving deforestation

As we highlighted in our report ‘For peat’s sake’, there is a well documented link between increasing palm oil demand, expansion of the cultivated area of palm oil plantations and destruction of forest and peatland ecosystems in Southeast Asia. Despite this link, and several studies suggesting that the use of biofuels produced from palm oil […]

06 Feb 18 Chris Malins

Power to the people?

What role is there for electrofuel technologies in European transport’s low carbon future? Liquid fuels are set to be part of the European and global transport energy supply for some time to come – and given limitations on sustainable biofuel production, the option of converting renewable electricity into petrol, diesel and jet fuel is a […]

01 Dec 17 Chris Malins

Devilish details…

…you’ll never believe the regulatory mistakes the EU is at risk of making in the RED II* In a blog post just under a year ago I heralded the generally positive qualities of the European Commission’s proposal for a revised Renewable Energy Directive for the period 2021-2030 (RED II). Since then, both the European Parliament […]

27 Nov 17 Chris Malins

Thought for food

Since the food price crisis of 2006-2008, there has been a lively debate about the impact of biofuel demand on food markets, prices and security, with some biofuel advocates characterising the idea of competition between food and fuel as a ‘myth’. This review for Transport and Environment and Birdlife Europe shows that there is an […]

15 Sep 17 Chris Malins

Waste not want not

The controversy around the use of food and feed commodities for biofuel has led to an increasing focus on opportunities to produce biofuels from wastes, residues and by-products. However, where those materials have existing productive uses, redirecting them into energy recovery applications may cause displacement and indirect emissions. This study for the International Council on […]

15 Sep 17 Chris Malins

Navigating the maize

Earlier in 2017, the United States Department of Agriculture published a study undertaken by the consultants ICF International that included a reassessment of the lifecycle greenhouse gas intensity of corn ethanol. The report concluded that corn ethanol’s greenhouse gas intensity is already lower than the level projected for 2022 by the Environmental Protection Agency in […]

13 Jul 17 Chris Malins

For peat’s sake

This report, commissioned by the Rainforest Foundation Norway (cf. www.regnskog.no/en/news/norway-bans-palm-oil-based-biofuel-in-its-public-procurement), reviews the evidence on the implications of using palm oil to produce biofuel. The report concludes that in all likelihood when renewable fuel policies drive increased palm oil demand the outcomes are worse for the climate than simply continuing to use fossil fuels. In addition to […]

13 Jun 17 Chris Malins

A leap forward for European advanced biofuel policy

Yesterday, the European Commission released its proposal for the renewable energy regime for Europe through to 2030. The proposal includes a framework for supporting and regulating the supply of alternative fuels, including biofuels, fuels produced from power-to-liquids technologies, and fuels produced from non-renewable waste streams, notably technologies such as Lanzatech’s carbon monoxide fermentation. As is […]

01 Dec 16 Chris Malins

Denial of long-term issues with agriculture on tropical peatlands will have devastating consequences

Following the 16th International Peat Congress (IPC) in Kuching (Sarawak), Malaysia, widely read media reported that the congress supported the view that current agricultural practices in peatland areas, such as oil palm plantations, do not have a negative impact on the environment. However, this view is not shared by many of the participants, and does […]

30 Sep 16 admin